About the FICO Credit Score
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Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number. All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company. While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors to calculate your credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks getting a mortgage loan score 620 or above.
Your FICO score greatly affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Because the credit score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's very hard to change it quickly. You must, of course, remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your FICO score, you've got to have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at 352-347-3303.